After four decades of a steady decline in manufacturing production and jobs in the United States, since 2009 the U.S. has seen an unprecedented resurgence in the manufacturing industry. The resurgence has been pushed forward by key changes in the global outlook, including new energy sources, economic shifts, technology, and assumed risk. This resurgence, though, is not a return of the manufacturing of the past, but rather it is of the future. New manufacturing in the U.S. is located in urban-based “hubs”-- clusters where universities, colleges, industry, and governments work together in order to develop, create, and spread new innovation, technology, and ideas in a specific manufacturing field. By keeping the different links of the supply chain much closer, facilitating knowledge exchange at a much faster rate, and using collective action by all levels of government as well as citizens, the U.S. is a very competitive location for manufacturing. The trends found in the U.S. are important for Peru to consider as it takes steps to be a competitive force and prepares for the third wave of industrialization.